In the recent years the Climate Change issue has gained importance in the media and has become an important issue in international politics, as the most recent consequence of the debate of Kyoto Protocol.
The Earth as we know it has suffered Ice Ages and it is common knowledge that the climate is very sensitive to external conditions, such as the energy that Earth receives from the Sun.
At this moment the temperature of the Earth’s surface should be lower than the existing, but as consequence of the natural greenhouse effect that keeps the Earth’s surface approximately 30ºC and the greenhouse effects caused by gases such as CO2 emanated by men, it is expected (ONU information given in 02/02/2007) that until 2100 the Earth will warm from 1ºC and up to 6.4ºC, sea-levels will rise and periods of drought and heat waves will increase.
The main focus of this report - Lisbon 2100, designing the Waterfront in Climate Change Scenarios – is to imagine Lisbon by 2100 with a rise of 2 meters of the sea level in a way to avoid catastrophic scenarios and understand how people will live with this new lifestyle.
The reason why Lisbon exists for so many years is the Tagus River. The waterfront is an important part of the history of Lisbon, has always had an important role in the Portuguese economy and served as food supply, irrigation and transportation system.
It is proposed to create a strategy of intervention in urban areas based on the defense and retreat, in order to reshape the city and revive contact with the river. The aim is also to create a strategy of spatial and functional organization, thinking of new mobility infrastructures that connect the entire river front, which is presented by starting zones, through spaces of direct contemplation of the river. Finally, re-organization of the port activities of Lisbon should be put in place, as well as the detailing of two areas within the strategic plan of the river front, in one of which will be placed an equipment related to infrastructure mobility.